doi: 10.5191/jiaee.1994.01209


The purpose of the study was to describe the agricultural technology system in Venezuela. The objectives of the study addressed agricultural policy, technology development, technology transfer, and technology utilization. Government documents and 80 face-to-face interviews with policy makers, researchers, extension agents, and dairy farmers were the data sources. The following strengths and weaknesses of the Venezuelan agricultural technology system were identified: funds allocated for public agricultural research and extension are adequate; agricultural credit is available; a strong base for farmer organizations exists; current pricing policies favor dairy processors and discriminate against producers; funds allocated for research and extension programs and salaries are insufficient; the research agenda overemphasizes export crops and overlooks the livestock subsector; farmer organizations are passive in influencing agricultural policies; few researchers and extension agents possess advanced degrees; adoption rates are low for practices requiring high investments, specialized equipment, and sophisticated management skills; and linkages among research, extension, and farmers are weak.
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