The article draws from the experiences of a major extension project funded by USAID which aimed at improving extension services in seven countries in the Eastern Caribbean. It takes the position that the widely accepted success of the project was due largely to the use of a systems framework in conceptualizing the "problem" and implementing solutions. The goals of the project are first outlined followed by discussions on the process of and findings from, situational analyses. These findings formed the basis of Phase 2 of the project which focused on institutional strengthening, training, staffing and the provision of needed resources. The centerpiece of the next phase was demonstration districts aimed at demonstrating how an effective extension system can operate using an optimum resource management approach. Here, as also discussed elsewhere in the paper, the strength of a systems perspective is also quite evident.