The purpose of this research was to explore the importance of farming systems research and the impact of extension programs in the Lower Shabelle Region in Somalia. The study also examined additional development components, such as education and credit, for small farmers. Personal interviews were conducted with members of three villages of the Lower Shabelle Region. The study focused on the farmersí resources and the main practices they used for maize production. Descriptive statistical analysis was used for the variables under investigation. A linear multiple regression model was developed and used to estimate the effects of different variables on the production of maize. Based on their resources, farmers fit into one large group; but for the extensions serviceís purposes, they could be broken into two groups. In the regression model, credit was found to be the only significant variable.