This study documents the experiences of the Ayoréode community of Santa Teresita inimplementing a forest management plan. This multidisciplinary project has centrality to theauthors’ fields of study: (1) Agricultural Education – Community Planning and NeedsAssessment; (2) Interdisciplinary Ecology – Forestry Management; and (3) Sociology –Community Development. The theoretical framework for this study involves examiningcommunity from a social interaction perspective. In this perspective, there are three criticalelements: a locality, a local society, and a process of locality-oriented collective actions(Wilkinson, 1991). Data collection for this study resulted from a Participatory Rural Appraisalsession, participant observation, natural conversations, interviews with key informants, a censussurvey of the community, and an examination of existing records. The researchers found that thecommunity has the knowledge capacity to manage their forest but lack financial capital,infrastructure and communal management skills. In the end, the community did not enact theirforest management plan due to internal conflict. The analysis shows that, indeed, it is a smallminority that controlled the resources. Consequently, the researchers conclude that there islittle collective action. The question that remains is whether commercialization of communityforest products is an effective strategy for sustainable development in Santa Teresita. Theanswer is maybe. They must be able to improve harvesting techniques, reduce post-harvestlosses, reduce costs of production and improve management of the resource. This means that thecommunities are going to need technical assistance as they plan, implement, and monitor theirproduction.

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