This paper reviews and compares two market-driven strategies: contract farming and producer marketing cooperatives. In passing, the paper critiques the single-minded contract- farming emphasis adopted by the New Partnership for African Development and its Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Program (NEPAD-CAADP). Pursuing ideas put forward by Burt Swanson, the International Food Policy Research Institute and the World Bank, the paper concludes with recommendations for reorganizing extension systems in less developed countries.

Keywords: Agricultural extension, contract farming, producer cooperatives, institutional innovation, training.


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