Two approaches of agricultural extension work in Tanzania, the Training and Visit System (T&V) and Sasakawa Global 2000 (SG 2000), were compared on the extent to which they incorporated participatory practices in planning, implementing, and evaluating programs, used methodologies to enhance farmers’ participation, and assisted in delivering program benefits. Data were collected through personal interviews from a random sample of 300 farmers residing in 30 villages, and from 26 local level village extension officers. Four focus group interviews were also conducted in four villages with six to eight farmers in each village. It was found that neither approach employed genuine participatory approaches in programming activities. There was more emphasis on involving farmers in implementing programs than on providing for their participation in planning and/or evaluating the processes or outcomes of their programs. Even though farmers participating in SG 2000 achieved significantly greater benefits compared to those participating in T&V, neither approach seemed to allow for mechanisms to promote self- generating resources to ensure continuity, confidence, and hope.